The landscape for women’s safety risks and rights is always changing. In many parts of the world, the changes are still predominantly negative. In fact, in September 2023, the United Nations stated that the world is failing girls and women as there is a constant shortfall in achieving gender equality.

Ahead of International Women’s Day 2024, and to help organisations keep their female employees safe while travelling overseas, Healix has compiled a list of the countries that have seen progression in their stance on women’s rights, and safety, and the countries where women’s rights have deteriorated.


  • Femicide is on the rise in countries such as Austria, India, Somalia, and Italy, which puts female travellers at risk. In Vienna earlier this year, five women were killed in the span of 24 hours by men. In India, femicide is considered an epidemic within the country, as women are often killed by their partners or by their families. There have been protests erupting in Somalia as femicide rates rise exponentially. In Italy, there were over 100 femicide victims in 2023 who were either killed by their partners or through a random attack.
  • The United States has been in the spotlight this year as new legislations are proposed which constantly compromise women’s reproductive rights and safety. Most recently the Alabama State Court ruled that frozen embryos should be considered children which will infringe on a women’s right to undergo IVF treatment. Women’s reproductive care is also not widely available in many states which continues to put women at risk.
  • El Salvador has fully criminalised abortion and currently has one of the highest femicide rates in the world. Women travelling to El Salvador should be on high alert and always remain in a group.
  • MENA states such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Lebanon still restrict women’s rights to movement as many women require permission from a man, or a male escort, to leave the house. Women are also not allowed to obtain a passport or travel abroad freely.
  • Iran is still enforcing punitive measures against women who defy compulsory hijab laws and businesses that do not enforce them on their premises. Female travellers should be aware of these laws and follow them accordingly if spending time in Iran.
  • Attacks on women within the United Kingdom are increasing. Female travellers should exercise caution if travelling alone, especially at night. Recently, a woman and her two daughters were attacked with a chemical substance by a male known to them which highlights an ongoing threat to women’s safety.


  • Australia has increased support for women’s rights globally and continues to be a safe place for women.
  • Brazil’s supreme court is one step closer to decriminalising abortion which is a major move in the right direction for achieving equality and equity within Brazil.
  • The European Union advances on a treaty to end violence and harassment at work. The treaty lays out international legal standards for preventing and responding to violence and harassment in the workplace. It ensures governments have comprehensive national laws against harassment and violence at work and ensures there is proper support for survivors. This treaty would ensure a safer working environment for women in the future.

Raquel Recuero, Regional Security Manager (Asia Pacific), Healix, commented:

Before deploying female members of staff overseas, risk managers at organisations should seek expert advice on local laws and customs regarding women’s rights regarding dress codes and cultural and other regulations that may apply exclusively to women. Compliance with local laws and customs will avoid potentially heavy penalties and mitigate the risk of being targeted.

Raquel Recuero, Regional Security Manager, Healix

Joanne Swann, Content Manager, WorkWellPro
Editor at Workplace Wellbeing Professional | Website

Joanne is the editor for Workplace Wellbeing Professional and has a keen interest in promoting the safety and wellbeing of the global workforce. After earning a bachelor's degree in English literature and media studies, she taught English in China and Vietnam for two years. Before joining Work Well Pro, Joanne worked as a marketing coordinator for luxury property, where her responsibilities included blog writing, photography, and video creation.